Ram Navami holds great significance for people who are devout followers of Lord Ramchandra. It is believed that on the auspicious day of Shukla Paksha Navami, at 12 noon, Lord Ramchandra made his divine appearance along with his three brothers, Lakshmana, Bharat and Shatrughna in Ayodhya.
Date of Diwali
Diwali or Deepawali is the festival of lights and lamps. Every year, it is celebrated with great pomp and show not only in India but in the world as well where ever there are Indian communities living together under a single roof or a colony.
As per the nomenclature, Diwali or Deepawali means an array of brilliantly burning earthen oil lamps whose luminescence dissipates the darkness of the night. Diwali falls on the full moon night (Amavasya) of the month of Kartik (October-November).
Scriptural evidences for Diwali
As per the ancient Vedic scriptures like Ramayana, the celebration of Diwali marks the return of Lord Ramchandra, the supreme personality of godhead back to Ayodhya Dham with her eternal consort Srimati Sita devi after an exile of 14 years.
As per the Lord’ divine past time, his step mother Kaikayi asked his father Maharaja Dashratha to coronate her son Bharat as the next heir and send Ramchandra for an exile of 14 years.
As per Srimad Bhagwatam (9.10.32-51)
Dussehra, as the name suggests is the tenth day of the Navratras of month of Sharad i.e. September-October and hence, marks the portion of the year when the sun relaxes the earth from it’s scorching rays and cold winds start wrapping the atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere.
How to celebrate Dussehra
In the evening, one must offer prayers to Ram darbar and one must offer bhoga to them. One must collect the burnt wood from the effigies and store them in the house to ensure peace.
It is celebrated every year since time immemorial by burning the effigies of Ravana, Meghanada and Kumbhakarna, the three demons who performed great austeriries to please the Lord.
But there are some facts about Dussehra which are still unknown to us.
- Srimati Sita Devi never went away with Ravana. No one can touch her since she is the eternal consort of Lord Ramchandra. In her disguise, Agni went to Ravana’s Lanka
- It was Agni Sita who sat on the tail of Sri Hanumanji and burnt the whole Lanka instead of Hanumanji.
- Ravana and Kumbhakarna were actually the two gatekeepers of Lord Sri Hari namely, Jaya and Vijaya who took the form of enemies of Lord to assist him in his past times.
- Despite Lord Ramchandra knew about Amrit Kalash, still Ravana was invincible. Lord Ram chanted Aditya Hridaya strota to get the power to kill Ravana.
- Jambavant who appeared in Ramayana lived long to meet the next form of Lord Krishna, he himself. He presented to him, his daughter, Jamvanti.
- Though Sri Hanuman was a strict celibate, still a female alligator bore progeny out of his sweat drop.
- Ramayana was completed before the happenings of the actual Ramayana. But Mahrishi Valmiki never disclosed it to anyone.
- Out of 1 Lakh sons and 1.25 lakh grandsons, no one remained. Ravana had all of the them killed in the wat
- Sri Lanka is the only place where the idols of Ravana are worshipped.
- It is a traditional custom to bring the burnt logs of wood of Ravana to kept in home. It ensures peace.
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Lord Hanuman and Bhima (one of the Pandava brothers) are believed to be the son of Lord Vayu. Bhima took much pride in his physical strength and considered everyone below him. Once during the exile, Hanuman posed before Bhima as an old and frail monkey who was blocking his path. As he was tired, the monkey asked Bhima to remove his tail. Though amused at the request, Bhima went ahead to lift his tail. He tried with all his might but was unable to move the tail even by an inch. Realizing his folly, Bhima apologized to the monkey upon which Hanuman revealed his true identity and just like that lord Hanuman reduced the arrogance of Bhima.
During Rams’s quest to free Sita from the clutches of Ravana it was Hanuman who flew across the sea to reach the demons king’s palace and discovered the whereabouts of Sita. When Ravan became aware of Hanuman’s presence in his palace, he ordered his soldiers to capture and kill the petty monkey. In order to crush Ravan’s ego, Hanuman set about destroying Lanka with his tail that was set ablaze by Ravan’s soldiers. In this commotion he found Lord Shani imprisoned in the palace’s basement, who was cursed by Brahma to remain in captivity till an incarnation of Shiva frees him. Hanuman released him from the confinement. Delighted, Lord Shani helped Hanuman in his pursuit to destroy Lanka and even granted him a boon. Hanuman who always wished well for his followers, asked Lord Shani not to cause trouble for the devotees who worshiped Hanuman.
The epitome of love and an idol for married couple are Lord Rama and Mata Sita. Their marriage is a live example of love, trust, care, misunderstandings and forgiveness; which are experienced by all the married people. In spite of fights or arguments, the couples celebrate their day of love. Similarly Vivah Panchami is the birth anniversary of this holy couple. It is celebrated on the Shukala Paksha Panchami of the Margashirsha month, as per the Hindu calendar.
The auspicious day is widely cherished by people from India and Nepal. Being the birthplace, as Mata Sita was born in Janakpur (present day on border of Nepal) and Lord Rama in Ayodhya. This day is a sign of remembrance of the holy couple of the Treta yug.
The magnificent event known as Ram Vivah Utsav is celebrated by processions, cultural programmes, devotional songs and other rituals. In Janakpur, the wedding ceremony is also performed and people decorate the idols of Ram and Sita as groom and bride. Devotees also take a holy dip at the famous lakes of Mithilanchal like Gangasagar, Dhanushsagar and Argaza pond to perform the Vivah Panchami rituals.
This year Vivah Panchami is on 16th December, 2015 and we hope all the devotees seek the supreme blessings From Lord Ram and Mata Sita.