Today is Gita Jayanti. This very day, the Lord spoke Gita to Arjuna in the battlefield of Kurukshetra.
Srimad Bhagwad Gita or the divine song is a dialogue between The Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Krishna and his dear devotee Arjuna. It is not a debate amongst two intelligent people neither it is a derogatory discussion in which one person is deriding other of his so called situational cowardice.
Is it a debate or dialogue?
It is a dialogue based upon the loving exchanges of the supreme master and his dearest devotee who is standing in the battlefield, baffled in the situation. Since Lord is the supreme well wisher of all devotees, he is always there to give protection to his surrendered devotee and act as the best guide for those who worship him with all love.
The two verses in Bhagwad Gita support the Lord’s action when he spoke to Arjuna, the whole chapter of Bhagwad Gita
Verse 18.66 : Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.
Verse 10.10 : To those who are constantly devoted and worship Me with love, I give the understanding by which they can come to Me.
Who can receive this knowledge?
There are more than 400 editions of Bhagwad gita with overall readership of millions. But not everyone becomes a pure devotee. There is a condition for understanding the real purport of Gita, which the Lord himself enunciates.
Verse 4.3 : That very ancient science of the relationship with the Supreme is today told by Me to you because you are My devotee as well as My friend; therefore you can understand the transcendental mystery of this science.
How the discussion turns into a submissive hearing dialogue?
Arjuna who was standing in the battlefield saw the pitiable and precarious condition. He became aggrieved and was dumb struck. Lord just asked him for the reason. As he spoke,
Verse 2.2-3 : The Supreme Person [Bhagavān] said: My dear Arjuna, how have these impurities come upon you? They are not at all befitting a man who knows the progressive values of life. They do not lead to higher planets, but to infamy. O son of Pṛthā, do not yield to this degrading impotence. It does not become you. Give up such petty weakness of heart and arise, O chastiser of the enemy.
Then Arjuna gave counter arguments as the following verses.
Verse 2.4-6 : Arjuna said: O killer of Madhu [Krishna], how can I counterattack with arrows in battle men like Bhīṣma and Droṇa, who are worthy of my worship?
It is better to live in this world by begging than to live at the cost of the lives of great souls who are my teachers. Even though they are avaricious, they are nonetheless superiors. If they are killed, our spoils will be tainted with blood.
Nor do we know which is better-conquering them or being conquered by them. The sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, whom if we killed we should not care to live, are now standing before us on this battlefield.
That’s why untill Arjuna uttered the following verse, the Lord didn’t advise him anything about what is to be done and what is not to be done. First Arjuna said (2.7) and then he acted as well according to his words (2.9). Then only Lord spoke.
Verse 2.7 : Now I am confused about my duty and have lost all composure because of weakness. In this condition I am asking You to tell me clearly what is best for me. Now I am Your disciple, and a soul surrendered unto You. Please instruct me.
Even after speaking this verse, Lord didn’t speak to him anything because Arjuna didn’t show the symptom till he did this.
Verse 2.9 : Sañjaya said: Having spoken thus, Arjuna, chastiser of enemies, told Kṛṣṇa, “Govinda, I shall not fight,” and fell silent.
As soon as the Lord saw the first symptom of surrender i.e. Obedience, he immediately chastised him and then, he gave the gem of Bhagwad Gita. Then no more there was any debate or discussion of arguments and counter arguments.
Verse 2.11 : The Blessed Lord said: While speaking learned words, you are mourning for what is not worthy of grief. Those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead.
This initiates the dialogue which now becomes a submissive hearing of Arjuna from the Supreme Lord. Then, the Lord gave him the first lesson which is necessary for every human being. As per Srila Madhvacharya, no person cannot be considered a human being untill he knows and acts as per this first lesson.
The First Lesson Of Bhagwad Gita
The first lesson of Bhagwad Gita is that we are not this body. We all are souls, which is part and parcel of supreme lord. Qualitatively, we have similar qualities as that of the lord but quantitatively, we are minute tiny particles, of the size of 1/10,000 of a tip of a hair.
Verse 2.13 : As the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. The self-realized soul is not bewildered by such a change.
Shvetashwatar Upanishad 5.9 : “When the upper point of a hair is divided into one hundred parts and again each of such parts is further divided into one hundred parts, each such part is the measurement of the dimension of the spirit soul.”
The three secret teachings of Bhagwad Gita
There are three main teachings of Bhagwad Gita.
Secret knowledge Verse 8.3 (Brahma feature) : The Supreme Lord said, The indestructible, transcendental living entity is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called the self. Action pertaining to the development of these material bodies is called karma, or fruitive activities.
More secret knowledge Verse 9.22 (Paramtma feature) : But those who worship Me with devotion, meditating on My transcendental form-to them I carry what they lack and preserve what they have.
Most Secret Knowledge Verse 10.8 (Supreme Lord feature) : I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
Bhagwad Gita has four shlokas which are the core essence of the teachings.
Verse 10.8 : I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
This verse is about the qualification of a pure unalloyed devotee who is having unflinching faith in Lord.
Verse 10.9 : The thoughts of My pure devotees dwell in Me, their lives are surrendered to Me, and they derive great satisfaction and bliss enlightening one another and conversing about Me.
These are the activities of his pure devotee. This is how he should behave.
Verse 10.10 : To those who are constantly devoted and worship Me with love, I give the understanding by which they can come to Me.
This is how the Lord gives him intelligence to come to him, the ultimate destination.
Verse 10.11 : Out of compassion for them, I, dwelling in their hearts, destroy with the shining lamp of knowledge the darkness born of ignorance.
And if anything nonsense remains, the lord from inside burns that out.
This is the simplest form for understanding the Bhagwad Gita and the process it elaborates.
The last important verses of Bhagwad Gita
The instruction which the Lord repeated twice in Gita for making a person attached to Lord
Verse 9.34 : Engage your mind always in thinking of Me, offer obeisances and worship Me. Being completely absorbed in Me, surely you will come to Me.
Verse 18.65: Always think of Me and become My devotee. Worship Me and offer your homage unto Me. Thus you will come to Me without fail. I promise you this because you are My very dear friend.
The ultimate instructions of the Lord
Verse 18.66: Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.
Verse 18.68-69: For one who explains the supreme secret to the devotees, devotional service is guaranteed, and at the end he will come back to Me.There is no servant in this world more dear to Me than he, nor will there ever be one more dear.
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Bhagwad Gita: The Song Divine
Bhagwad Gita or Gitopanishad is the best works of Vedic literature ever composed. Since it is a direct dialogue between the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna and his dear devotee Arjuna, it has got direct guidelines for the human beings for getting the desired goal of life.
It is not a different scripture, but a part of the fifth Veda Mahabharata which was composed by Srila Vyasadeva for the dull headed people.
As per Srimad Bhagwatam (1.4.25)
“Out of compassion, the great sage thought it wise that this would enable men to achieve the ultimate goal of life. Thus he compiled the great historical narration called the Mahābhārata ”
Bhagwad Gita is a part of Mahabharata’s Anushasan Parva from chapters 25-42. It has 3 divisions in itself which have been equally divided into portions of Gyana, Karma and Bhakti.
Divisions of Bhagwad Gita
As per the Acharyas who have commented on Bhagwad Gita, it has been divided as
- Chapters 1 to 6 are for Karma Yoga or Actions in Krishna Consciousness.
- Chapters 7 to 12 are for Bhakti Yoga or Selfless Unalloyed Devotion to Lord Krishna.
- Chapter 13 to 18 are for Gyana Yoga or The Knowledge about Supreme Lord.
Individually, the chapters have been names as:
- Chapter One: Observing the armies on Battlefield of Kurukshetra
- Chapter Two: Essence of Bhagwad Gita
- Chapter Three: Karma Yoga
- Chapter Four: Divya Gyana
- Chapter Five: Karma Yoga in Krishna Consciousness
- Chapter Six: Dhyana Yoga
- Chapter Seven: Knowledge of Absolute
- Chapter Eight: Attaining the Supreme
- Chapter Nine: The most confidential knowledge
- Chapter Ten: The opulence of absolute
- Chapter Eleven: The universal form
- Chapter Twelve: Devotional service
- Chapter Thirteen: Nature, enjoyer and consciousness
- Chapter Fourteen: Three modes of nature
- Chapter Fifteen: Yoga of Supreme
- Chapter Sixteen: Divine and demoniac nature
- Chapter Seventeen: Divisions of faith
- Chapter Eighteen: Perfection of renunciation
Why should one read Bhagwad Gita?
Bhagwad Gita lays emphasis on the following points which can be understood by a common man:
- Whatever work the leaders of the society do, the common man of the society follows them without deliberation. Hence, a leader must be careful to set examples.
- The persons whose mind is tormented by unlimited desires cannot achieve the desired goal of his life
- Anger is the biggest enemy of a person and it is generated by unsatisfied lust or desires
- Without having faith in the person who is giving you knowledge, you cannot get real knowledge from him
- The practicality of knowledge is only gained by practising austerity and being truthful.
- Success is meant only for those people who can pay the price worth for it.
These are some of the practical aspects and points from Bhagwad Gita.
Benefits of donation on Gita Jayanti
This Bhagwad Gita as a scripture was compiled by Srila Vedvyasa. And it was spoken by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the battlefield of Kurukshetra in 45 minutes. It was spoken to Arjuna on the day of Shukla Paksha Ekadashi of Margashirsha month, the most auspicious Mokshada ekadashi.
As per Brahma Vaivarta Purana, anyone who gifts Bhagwad gita on the day of Moskhada Ekadashi gets the benefit of donating thousands of mounds of gold, Gold laiden cows and many more auspicious things.
Benefits of Bhagwad Gita Paath
The benefits of Bhagwad Gita Paath are:
- One gets benefit of giving huge donations in charity to Brahmins and Cows.
- One gets the desired result in any field in which he applied for.
- One gets desired success in the examinations for which he is appearing for.
- The paath of Bhagwad Gita ensures complete freedom all sorts of negative energies on the house and people living in the house.
- If there is any malefic planet in the kundali which is showing it’s negative effects, the person is immediately relieved from it.
- If there is any financial loss or loss in business, the paath eradicates all sorts of negative intentions and cause of such miseries.
Muhurat for Gita Paath
This year, Mokshada Ekadashi or Gita Jayanti is on 10th December, 2016. The puja muhurtam timings are as follows:
Bhagwad Gita Paath: 04:00 AM to 12 PM
This Muhurat is for general masses. For devotess who wish to do it for a special cause, Shubhpuja is providing free consultation from expert Acharyas and Pandits who have been doing this yagya for years.
For booking this puja, http://www.shubhpuja.com/product/bhagwat-paath-puja/
As soon as the rainy season arrives by the commencement of the month of Shravan (July-August), we all find the genuine sages and hermits who are on the way to achieve perfection in their relationship with the supreme personality of godhead or have already achieved perfection in same, to pause their wanderings and see them staying in huge numbers in temples and ashrams, giving opportunity to the general masses to serve the lord and get them blessed by their blessings.
Chatumaas, the word comes from two separate words, Chatur and Maas. It means a collection of four months, Sharavan (July-August), Bhadrapada (August-September), Ashwin (September-October) and Kartik (October-November). These four months are specifically chosen since it involves the complete rainy season and the autumn season. These seasons, the sages stay at a particular place and perform austerities of body, speech and mind.
As per Ayurveda, these four months are described as the months of highest weakness in the body since the sun changes it’s course. It becomes more prominent in the southern hemisphere and the withdrawal causes generalised weakness. And since the weather is moist and humid, the body is depleted of many nutrients via bodily secretions.
In these months, the shastras enjoin that people must restrain from somethings from their diet and well as daily routine.
The rainy season, carries along with itself a plethora of pathogens and insects who move out from their residence inside the ground in order to find shelter somewhere else as their homes are flooded with water.
Also, due to cool weather, humid climate and availability of water makes the pathogens grow in an accelerated manner. These pathogens become the cause of diseases and hence, to avoid the contact with pathogens, one must observe cleanliness and must restrict movement.
Certain food items must not be consumed. One must not consume
- Green leafy vegetables in Shravan
- Yogurt in Bhadrapada
- Milk in Ashwin
- Non-veg, Urad and Masoor Dal in Kartik
The reason for the same is:
In Shravan, due to fresh arrival of monsoon, all the small organisms living inside the ground come out and try to find shelter. Green leafy vegetables being the best in nutrition as well as space give them the best opportunity. Hence, they enter the leafy vegetables
In Bhadrapada, the season becomes too much cold and wet. Hence, taking yogurt will cause respiratory diseases.
In Ashwin, the mammals whose milk we drink have been enough poisoned by eating the leafy vegetables. For two months, they have been doing so and hence, their milk becomes indigestible and we have the weakest strength at that time due to high humidity and clear sky.
In Kartik, the body starts to recover and welcome the winter season. Since the season is about to change and dryness is to come, consuming foods which are dry and take long time to digest is not considered wise.
The epitome of dharma and righteousness, Yudhishtira had to face a tough challenge of Yaksha to save his 4 brothers from the mouth of death. When thirsty Nakul went in search of water and found the crystal clear water for quenching his thirst, he was warned by a voice to answer his questions before drinking the water. Ignoring the voice Nakul went forward to drink the water and he immediately fell down on the ground. Similar situation happened with Sahdeva, Arjuna and Bhima and now all four brothers were lying dead.
Finally Yudhishtira went to inquire about his brothers and got anxious to see their state. Since there were no wounds or any marks of injury on their bodies, Yudhishtira was sure that it is some kind of supernatural power. Soon he heard the voice of Yaksha, “I am Yaksha and I warned all your brothers to answer my questions before drinking the water. But they overlooked my warning and now lying dead.” Yaksha further told Yudhishtira that in order to save the lives of his brothers he need to answer his questions. Yudhishtira realized that it is the Lord Himself who is testing the righteousness of Him and his brothers. He payed his respect to Yaksha and with great humility, he requested the Omnipresent to ask questions and he will try to answer them with the best of his ability. I any case he will abide by his Dharma and Yaksha terms. To test the wisdom of Yudhistira, Yaksha asked may questions and answers to which reveal the great values of life. Most important of them are listed below:
Yaksha: What is weightier than the Earth?
Yaksha: Which is taller than the sky?
Yaksha: What is faster than the wind?
Yaksha: By renouncing what does one become affectionate?
Yaksha: Which is the best wealth?
Yaksha: What is the principal duty of man?
Yaksha: Who doesn’t have a heart?
Yaksha: Where does Dharma reside?
Yudhishtira: Dharma resides in good deeds of human beings.
There were other questions in similar lines covering various other deep and subtle aspects of life. After replying to all the questions of Yaksha, Yudhistira saved the life of Nakul first and Arjuna and Bhima later. Yaksha was surprised and became curious to know the reason behind saving the step brothers before real ones. Yudhistira replied, “I do not differentiate between any of my brothers. Dharma is the priority for me and I will always protect Dharma”. Yaksha was pleased to hear his reply and said, “Because you uphold Dharma victory will always be yours”.
This is daily Gita and Bhagwatam Series in which we present their timeless and valuable teachings.
dṛṣṭvemaṁ sva-janaṁ kṛṣṇa
sīdanti mama gātrāṇi
mukhaṁ ca pariśuṣyati
Arjuna said: My dear Kṛṣṇa, seeing my friends and relatives present before me in such a ﬁghting spirit, I feel the limbs of my body quivering and my mouth drying up.
Any man who has genuine devotion to the Lord has all the good qualities which are found in godly persons or in the demigods, whereas the nondevotee, however advanced he may be in material qualiﬁcations by education and culture, lacks in godly qualities. As such, Arjuna, just after seeing his kinsmen, friends and relatives on the battleﬁeld, was at once overwhelmed by compassion for them who had so decided to ﬁght amongst themselves. As far as his soldiers were concerned, he was sympathetic from the beginning, but he felt compassion even for the soldiers of the opposite party, foreseeing their imminent death. And while he was so thinking, the limbs of his body began to quiver, and his mouth became dry. He was more or less astonished to see their ﬁghting spirit. Practically the whole community, all blood relatives of Arjuna, had come to ﬁght with him. This overwhelmed a kind devotee like Arjuna. Although it is not mentioned here, still one can easily imagine that not only were Arjuna’s bodily limbs quivering and his mouth drying up, but he was also crying out of compassion. Such symptoms in Arjuna were not due to weakness but to his softheartedness, a characteristic of a pure devotee of the Lord. It is said therefore:
yasyāsti bhaktir bhagavaty akiñcanā
sarvair guṇais tatra samāsate surāḥ
harāv abhaktasya kuto mahad-guṇā
mano-rathenāsati dhāvato bahiḥ
“One who has unﬂinching devotion for the Personality of Godhead has all the good qualities of the demigods. But one who is not a devotee of the Lord has only material qualiﬁcations that are of little value. This is because he is hovering on the mental plane and is certain to be attracted by the glaring material energy.” (Bhāg. 5.18.12)
This is daily Gita and Srimad Bhagwatam Series in which we present their timeless and valuable teachings.
atha vyavasthitān dṛṣṭvā
dhanur udyamya pāṇḍavaḥ
hṛṣīkeśaṁ tadā vākyam
idam āha mahī-pate
senayor ubhayor madhye
ratham sthapaya me ‘cyuta
At that time Arjuna, the son of Pāṇḍu, seated in the chariot bearing the ﬂag marked with Hanumān, took up his bow and prepared to shoot his arrows. O King, after looking at the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra drawn in military array, Arjuna then spoke to Lord Kṛṣṇa these words.
The battle was just about to begin. It is understood from the above statement that the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra were more or less disheartened by the unexpected arrangement of military force by the Pāṇḍavas, who were guided by the direct instructions of Lord Kṛṣṇa on the battleﬁeld. The emblem of Hanumān on the ﬂag of Arjuna is another sign of victory because Hanumān cooperated with Lord Rāma in the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, and Lord Rāma emerged victorious. Now both Rāma and Hanumān were present on the chariot of Arjuna to help him. Lord Kṛṣṇa is Rāma Himself, and wherever Lord Rāma is, His eternal servitor Hanumān and His eternal consort Sītā, the goddess of fortune, are present. Therefore, Arjuna had no cause to fear any enemies whatsoever. And above all, the Lord of the senses, Lord Kṛṣṇa, was personally present to give him direction. Thus, all good counsel was available to Arjuna in the matter of executing the battle. In such auspicious conditions, arranged by the Lord for His eternal devotee, lay the signs of assured victory.