The element of cohesion which circulates in our body is termed as Kapha. This Kapha element is responsible for the natural cohesion and lubrication of the bodily pathways. As per the classical Ayurvedic texts such as Charak Samhita, the body is composed of three main elements or Doshas namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha which when present in their natural form, maintain the body and perform the required tasks.
But when any one of them is disturbed, there is an upheaval in the natural system and as a result, we are a victim of a particular disease. This also indicates that some of the positive planetary influences have been distorted and hence, there is a requirement of rectification.
Out of these three elements, the Kapha element makes the move by balancing the cohesion in the body.Kapha forms the major element of importance in the immune and respiratory system of human body. As per ayurvedic texts, the number of diseases due to Kapha disturbance are 10 in number since they involve malfunctioning of the respiratory aspect of the system.
The Kapha element of the body is divided into five types, each of which is located in different parts of the body. The five types of Kapha are
|S.No.||Subtypes of Kapha||Locations||Actions|
|1.||Kledaka||Upper part of stomach||Lubricates the food, helps them to mix with juices, forms a protective covering over the inner line of gastric mucosa.|
|2.||Tarpaka||Head and sinus cavities.||Keep the nose, mouth, eyes moist and well protected.|
|3.||Bodhaka||Tongue||Salivation and primary lubrication of food, Taste identification.|
|4.||Shleshmaka||Joints||Lubrication of joints|
|5.||Avlambaka||Chest, lungs and lower back.||Keeps the chest, lungs, and back very strong, facilitates strong muscles and protects the heart.|
The major place of location of Kapha element is the joints, which is indicated by the synovial fluidwhich is responsible for the greasing and lubrication of the joints.
Kapha element is responsible for functions like taste identification, sweetness, plumpness, cohesion etc. The principal action of Kapha is to regulate the cohesive activity and the soothing activities.
As per Vedic astrology, there are some planets and their associated zodiac signs which are associated with the Kapha element. The planets and the zodiac signs have earth element as their essential principle and hence, they become Kapha planets. They are as follows:
Zodiac signs: Taurus, Cancer, Pisces
Planets: Moon, Venus (primary), Jupiter (primary) Saturn (secondary),
These planets have their central element of support as earth and hence, when they become the Lagna planet or have an effect on the central houses of the Kundali chart, the influence of these planets causes disturbance or regulation of Kapha in the body of the individual. Depending upon their own positions in the Kundali, these planets have their multiple effects on the Kapha element and hence, the effect can be seen in miniscule or macroscopic form.
The Kapha element is affected by many of the processes happening inside the body, primarily digestion. When digestion is impaired, the undigested food becomes cold and increases Kapha production. Therefore, the food must be allowed to digest itself completely so as to allow complete regulation of the Kapha movement.
There are six tastes as per ayurvedic texts, viz. Sweet, Sour, Salty, Bitter, Hot and Astringent. The tastes are beneficial for Kapha balancing are bitter, astringent and hot and the rest three are helpful in Kapha aggravation. Therefore, a diet comprising of hot, bitter and astringent taste shall be helpful in the balancing of Kapha.
Properties of Kapha:
The physical characteristics of a Kapha person are:
- Frame: Large
- Weight: Heavy
- Skin: Thick, oily, cool, pale and fair.
- Hair: Thick, oily, dark or light.
- Teeth: Strong, white and well formed.
- Eyes: Big, attractive, blue, thick eyelashes.
- Forehead: Large & broad.
- Neck: Large and thick.
- Eye lashes: Large, thick, oily and firm.
- Nose: Thick, big, oily and firm.
- Voice: Pleasant, deep, good tone.
- Speech: Slow, monotonous and melodious.
- Nails: Thick, oily waxy and lustrous.
- Sweating: Slow to start but not profuse.
- Faeces: Normal.
- Urine: Moderate and clear.
- Pulse rate: Broad, slow and moves like a swan.
- Physical activity: Lethargic.
- Sleep: Heavy, prolonged and excessive.
- Thirst: Slight.
- Appetite: Slow and steady.
- Joints: Firm and large.
- Circulation: Moderate.
- Endurance: High.
- Habits/Hobbies: Water, sailing, flowers, cosmetics, business ventures, cooking.
- Tendency to contract disease (type): Retention of water, Kapha diseases.
- Tendency to spend: Spends slowly and saves money.
The mental characteristics of a Kapha person are:
- Mind: Calm, slow, receptive.
- Emotion: Greedy, attached and self content.
- Faith: Steady and loyal.
- Memory: Slow but prolonged.
- Dream Running: Watery/Ocean.
- Mental nature: Slow, definite and not talkative.
- Neurotic tendencies: Depression, unresponsiveness and sorrow.
- Temperament: Content and conservative.
- Positive emotions: Love.
- Negative emotions: Attachment.
Kapha Mental nature according to the 3 Guna’s:
- Sattvic (Pure): Calm, peaceful, content, stable, consistent, loyal, loving, compassionate, forgiving, patient, devoted, receptive, nurturing, supportive, strong faith.
- Rajasic: Controlling, attached, greedy, materialistic, sentimental, needing security, seeking comfort and luxury.
- Tamasic: Dull, gross, lethargic, apathetic, slothful, coarse, slow comprehension, insensitive and a thief.
Signs of increased Kapha in a person:
- Decreased Agni.
- Hunger goes down.
- More salivatory secretions.
- Tone of muscles will reduce.
- More sleep.
- Accumulation of fluid.
Signs of decreased Kapha in a person:
- Hollowness in organs.
- Feel palpations (Mucus around the heart).
- Weakness in joints.
The methods to balance Kapha are just opposite to the nature of Kapha. The regular use of pure unadulterated honey helps a lot in regulation of Kapha.
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Why do the priests keep a Shikha or Choti on the head?
Whenever we go to a temple, we find Brahmin priests with a tuft of hair tied up neatly at the back of their head, originating from the top of the head. They keep it very nicely and always knotted. This tuft of hair is called shikha.
This shikha, as per Vedic scriptures, is a symbol of Brahminical qualities and culture which has been imparted to a person undergoing a strict training under the guidance of a bonafide spiritual master who is well qualified in all Vedic scriptures and well placed in the science thorough realisation of the absolute truth.
Science behind keeping shikha:
- Shikha, as per the Vedic shastras originates from the brahmrandhra or the topmost point of the head near the occipital lobe of the cerebrum. This point is the centre of all neural activities and is considered to be the energy bearing point of all the bodily functions.
- Tightening the hair knot right above the suture induces marvelous psychological benefits. It helps in harmonious blood circulation in the brain in normal conditions and augments alertness.
- As described in the yoga-scriptures, it also lends support in increasing mental concentration and meditation. In terms of its sublime spiritual effects, the shikha works like an antenna in the outer domain of the sahasrara chakra (topmost extrasensory centre) to link the individual consciousness with the cosmic consciousness.
- As per the Vedic injunctions, the shikha helps the supreme personality of godhead to pull us from the material world to the spiritual world.
The stones and pearls are a magical source of positivity and can transform the entire lives of the people. They have the power to alter the effects of the stars and transform the aura of an individual. Similarly one of the rarest pearl is ‘Sindhur Mani’; which is a yellowish-white, oversized egg shaped stones. It can also be brownish in tone, depending upon the formation of the stone.
Being a rare mani it is widely valued for the divine and healing traits. The Sindhur Mani has a cool and peaceful radiation as the natural pearls have moon dominant qualities. Whoever possesses this unique piece attracts the material as well as spiritual comforts. This mani acts like a divine healer as you feel a change in your inner self. The vibrations of your surroundings transform tremendously and your lost peace is regained by achieving silence. They also have unique feature of curing acute diseases and can even bless the barren women with the ability to conceive. Major problems like arthritis and joint pains have been cured by this extra ordinary pearl.
This auspicious pearl has found its traces in Airavata race and has adjoining sentiments of gaining wealth, fame and curing diseases. The Hindu text believes that this pearl is a symbol of Lord Ganesh’s soul and therefore considered highly fortunate and lucky. Holding immense power, the Sindhur Mani is an important source of welfare for the mind, body and soul of a being.
The planetary positions determine the strength and weakness of the horoscope and how the planets influence the directions and sub-directions in Vastu Shastra. Vastu Doasha represents a flaw in particular direction and a corresponding fault in the vibrations of a particular planet. The remedial measure in such cases aims to enhance the positivity of a planet and reduces the malefic effects, to attain harmony and balance with the natural force.
Sphatik or quartz crystals and crystal beads have their own importance as purifier or during meditative chanting. Because of the silica base, Quartz crystals have a very stable energy and a very precise and regular frequency. The immaculate structure responds to energies such as light, heat, sound, bio-electricity, and even waves. So the crystals are considered valuable due to their ability to respond to the thought waves and bio-electric energies; which helps in rebalancing the body and various troublesome situations in life. Charged crystal sets up a powerful energy field which encourages the person’s own subtle to vibrate at finer frequencies and clean away the dense negative vibrations. Another effective remedy is of crystal charged with Reiki. It is most effective to remove Vastu dosha.
Any mantra associated with a specific planet adds its vibrations to the lost portion of the aura to attain cosmic balance in human body and mind. The various bad effects of a faulty direction can be removed by chanting the mantra of the planet governing that direction. Mantra is the key to access certain functions or programmes of your brain for performing a specific task, such as harmonising labour relations, improving your cash flow, opening new product lines, attracting new clients, etc. The effectiveness of the mantra depends on the correct pronunciation too. Sound energy generated by chanting of mantras correctly and with correct pronunciation imparts a specific rhythm to the atmospheric atoms, for charging the creative energies of the entire space.
A yantra is a symbol or diagram that eliminates the harmful effects in its vicinity. By chanting of beej mantras, performing havans and other rituals, the yantra go through a series of purification and energising processes which make them potent to ward off negative vibrations in the surroundings. Specific Vastu yantras propitiating Vastu purush with mantras of Vastu shanti can be used or Nav Grih Vastu yantras for specific directional faults can also be used as per the direction wise classification of the planets. Other yantras like bagula mukhi yantra, matsya yantra, kanakdhara yantra, shri yantra and kuber yantra can be used to dispel Vastu faults as well as usher in wealth and prosperity in home, business, shop, office or factory.
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Varied variety of sounds produced by vibrations, have different effects on the beings and they act or react as per the sound produced. Believe it or not, sound has major relation with our mood and as a pleasant music can cheer us up, the loud and screeching sounds can disturb it. In fact, harsh sound causes noise pollution, which in turn, without our noticing, causes tension, stress, and other disorders like blood pressure, migraine and so on.
Thus to restore the balance, harmony and peace within a family, the right kind of sounds should be prevalent in the house as per Vastu.
- The sweet and soft conversations between family members lighten the mood and spread a positive ambience.
- Avoid watching television during meal time rather prefer to have pleasant conversations or soft music.
- Sacred chants or healing rhythms of devotion should be played early morning in the house.
- Dripping faucets or leaky taps should be repaired as soon as possible.
- The hinges of the door should be kept well oiled, to avoid creaking sounds.
- Close the door gently so that the mind and body remains calm.
- The bell cast from an amalgam of five metals improve the positive energy flow in the environment, dissipating the negative vibrations.
- Wind chimes are also an important source of peaceful and serene environment.
- The soft melodious tunes can induce peace, relaxation and reduce sadness, tension and anger.
- Hanging wind chimes, changing harsh sounding door bells with pleasant-sounding ones and having rippling water fountains can be a means of adding the right sounds to any environment.
The presence of exuberant and lively events in life breaks the monotony and also provides an opportunity to get over our issues and share the blissful moments with everyone. India being a multi-cultural country, it is best known for its variety of festivals and celebrations throughout the year; which even leads to numerous events on a single day. As according to the solar calendar, the North Indians rejoice the fun-filled celebration of Baisakhi on 13th or 14th of April every year but this date is also significant due to so many other major events. Let’s explore a few of them along with the true meaning of this festival.
Auspicious Day for other Cultures:
- ‘Rongali Bihu’ in Assam, ‘Naba Barsha’ in Bengal, ‘Puthandu’ in Tamil Nadu and ‘Pooram Vishu’ in Kerala is also cherished widely on the same day as Baisakhi.
- It is marked as a day of enlightenment or Nirvana of Lord Budha, so considered highly valuable for Buddhists.
- Both the Bengalis and Sikh communities mark this day as New Year or Nab Varsha, so revere it with faith and enjoyment.
- Hindus believe that Goddess Ganga descendent on mother Earth, thousands of years ago; so many of them gather at the religious banks of river Ganga for a holy dip on this day to honour her presence.
- Swami Dayanand Sarsawati founded the reverend Arya Samaj Mission on this day in 1875 and created history for the forthcoming years.
- The day of celebration for farmers as it marks the time for harvest of rabi crops.
- 14th April is also observed as the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
Religious significance for Sikh community:
High religious sentiments of Sikhs are attached to this festival because it was on this very day in 1699, the tenth Sikh Guru- Guru Gobind Singh Ji created oneness among humanity by organizing Khalsa Pantha (Order of the pure ones). He also named his 5 most beloved devotees as ‘Panj Piare’ after the pious baptism ceremony with Amrit (sacred nectar of immortality).
So this date holds a number of significant events on the memorable chapters of history and provides a reason of celebration for all the communities in India. Special Baisakhi fairs and Nagar Kirtan processions are organized along with music, dance, food and gracious blessings.