Day: August 5, 2016
In the 11th century i.e. in the post-Mahmud Ghazni era, the most powerful Hindu Kingdom in North India was that of the Gahadwala’s or Rathod’s who were a Rajput clan. The founder of the Gahadwala line was Jai chand.In Jaichand’s days, a rival Rajput clan had established itself in Delhi (Pithoragarh). The ruler there was Prithviraj Chouhan. Pritviraj was a romantic, chivalrous and an extremely fearless person.The story of Prithviraj’s bold exploits spread far and wide in the country and he was the center of much discussion in the circle of the nobility. Sanyogita, the daughter of Jaichandra Gahadwala fell secretly in love with Prithviraj and she started a secret poetic correspondence with him. Her father the haughty Jaichandra got wind of this So that he arranged a Swayamwara. Jaichandra invited all the big and small princes of the country to Kannauj for the royal Swayamwara. But he deliberately ignored Prithviraj. To add insult to injury, he even made a statue of Prithiviraj and kept him as a dwarpala .On that day, Sanyogita walked down the aisle where the royals had assembled and bypassed all of them only to reach the door where the statue of Prathviraj was established and garland the statue as a doorman. When sayongita came near to the statue, Prithviraj who was hiding behind the statue, also in the garb of a doorman, whisked Sanyogita away and put her up on his steed to make a fast getaway to his capital at Delhi. Then Jaichand decided to take revenge. For this he met with the another ruler Mahmud Ghori who was from Ghori in Afghanistan, they were attack on Delhi but he was defeated many times by Prithviraj, so Jaichand decided to help him by his own army and then Ghori who re-attacked Prithviraj with a stronger army and defeated him. As a prisoner in Ghor he was presented before Mahmud, where he looked Ghori straight into the eye Then Ghori ordered to the prisoner that Prithviraj’s eyes be burnt with red hot iron rods. This heinous deed being done.In those days Prithviraj was joined by his former biographer Chand Bardai, who had composed a ballad-biography on Prithviraj in the name of Prithviraj Raso. Chand Bardai told Prithviraj, that he should avenge Ghori’s betrayal and daily insults.
The two got an opportunity when Ghori announced a game of Archery. On the advice of Chand Bardai, Prithviraj, who was then at court said he would also like to participate. On hearing his suggestion, the courtiers guffawed at him and he was taunted by Ghori as to how he could participate when he could not see whereupon, Prithiviraj told Mahmud Ghori to order him to shoot, and he would reach his target.On the said day, Ghori sitting in his royal enclosure had Prithiviraj brought to the ground and had he unchained for the event. On Ghori’s ordering Prithiviraj to shoot, we are told Prithiviraj turned in the direction from where he heard Ghori speak and struck Ghori dead with his arrow. This event is described by Chand Bardai in the couplet,
“Char bans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta praman, Taa Upar Sultan hai. Ab mat chuko Chouhan.”
(Ten measures ahead of you and twenty four feet away, is seated the Sultan, do not miss him now, Chouhan).
Thus in the end of the story Prithviraj showed his braveness and courage in front of us and then he became a extreme fearless or brave king of India.
The Hariyali Teej festival is celebrated to remember the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, the day when Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife. Goddess Parvati fasted and was austere for many years and was accepted by Lord Shiva as his wife in her 108 birth. Hence, Teej is celebrated to honor the devotion of Parvati, who is also known as Teej Mata. Teej also welcomes the monsoon and observed in the month of Shravan.
Celebration of Teej
While ritual fasting is central to Teej, the festival is marked by colorful celebrations, especially by the womenfolk, who enjoy swing rides, song and dance. Swings are often hung from trees or placed in the courtyard of homes and decked with flowers. Young girls and married women apply mehendi or henna tattoos on this auspicious occasion. Women wear beautiful sarees and adorn themselves with jewellary, and visit temples to offer their special prayers to goddess Parvati. A special sweet called ‘ghewar’ is prepared and distributed as Prasad or divine offering.